Understanding and addressing violence against women female genital mutilation female genital mutilation1 types of female genital mutilation type 1 – clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris the social risks to be greater than the physical and mental health risks to girls. Female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) is a harmful traditional practice with severe health complications, deeply rooted in many sub-saharan african countries in the gambia, the prevalence of fgm/c is 783% in women aged between 15 and 49 years. Facts about female genital mutilation or cutting \(fgm/c\), includiing a comprehensive definition and explanation of the different types of fgm/c, the countries in which it is performed, the reasons for the procedure, and its immediate and long-term affec\ ts on girls' and womens' health.
Female genital mutilation (fgm) has been officially recognised as a human rights violation by the united nations since 1992 still, efforts to prevent the mutilation of newborns and young girls. Female genital mutilation involves the removal of the clitoris, inner-and-outer lips of the vagina, and the sewing or stapling together of the two sides of the vulva leaving only a small hole to. Female genital mutilation is classified into 4 major types type 1: often referred to as clitoridectomy , this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals), and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris. To study female genital mutilation and its effect on female sexual function, alexandria, egypt 2013 methods a case–control study was conducted on a convenient sample of 272 circumcised women with their 272 control from 4 randomly selected primary health care centers.
This new interagency statement is written and research on its damaging effects on the health of women, girls and newborn babies classified female genital mutilation into four types. Female genital mutilation information for health & child protection professionals what is fgm haemorrhage is one of the most common complications of fgm, as excision of the clitoris involves cutting across the high pressure clitoral artery and attempts to stop bleeding may not be effective factors such as the type of fgm and the. Risks in pregnancy the negative health implications of fgm have been well documented in the literature (dirie and lindmark 1, 992 who, by fgm types 2 or 3 have been found to have an increased female genital mutilation female genital female genital mutilation. Female genital mutilation risk and safeguarding guidance for professionals may 2016 title: female genital mutilation risk and safeguarding guidance for professionals since october 2015 registered professionals in health, social care and teaching also have a statutory duty (known as the mandatory reporting duty) to report.
Female genital mutilation is both a health issue and a women's rights issue often called female circumcision, this practice involves one of several types of procedures there are two main categories of female genital mutilation, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. Female genital mutilation or cutting (fgm/c) means piercing, cutting, removing, or sewing closed all or part of a girl's or woman's external genitals for no medical reason researchers estimate more than 513,000 girls and women in the us have experienced or are at risk of fgm/c 1 worldwide, as many as 140 million girls and women alive today have been cut 2 fgm/c is often a part of the. Female genital mutilation refers to the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia it is typically done between infancy and the age of 15, but adult women may also undergo the.
Summary: researchers report female genital mutilation not only increases mental health risks, but also affects the way women’s bodies cope with stress in women subjected to fgm, cortisol levels were increased, researchers report source: university of kinstanz fgm has been officially recognised. Why is female genital mutilation or cutting such a serious health risk the effects of fgm/c will vary depending on the individual some women will experience severe and life-long physical and mental health problems while others may not feel that fgm/c has affected their health at all. Risks of female genital mutilation the practice is a health risk and life threatening to the girls the operation is carried out in unhygienic and dangerous conditions which put the life of young girls in health danger.
Procedures used for partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons fall under the category of female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting the procedures offer no health benefits and often lead to several. Female genital mutilation (fgm) refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non-medical reasons. Female genital mutilation does, however, put women at increased risk of hiv and aids when unhygienic surgical methods are used in the procedure who classification system female genital mutilation is not a uniform practice. Health risks imposed by the actual procedures, when performed by medical professionals under hygienic conditions, would be few if the safety records of the designer vagina industry are any indication.
Since 1990, the estimated number of girls and women in the us who have undergone female genital mutilation has more than tripled since 1990, the estimated number of girls and women in the us who. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting (fgc), female circumcision, or female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c), refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other surgery of the female genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons. Female genital mutilation: frequently asked questions: a campaigner’s guide for young people fgm is sometimes called female genital cutting (fgc), female type 3, poses a greater risk to health and wellbeing of girls and women additionally all forms of fgm violate human rights and girls.
The mental and emotional effects of female genital cutting our latest infographic focuses on the many mental and emotional health effects of female genital cutting the psychological impacts are hard to measure and quantify and studies have been few and far between. While the practice of female genital mutilation (fgm) has been abandoned in western countries, it remains common in many african countries from senegal to somalia, in the middle east, in some parts of south-east asia and even among immigrant communities in europe, north america and australia. Female genital mutilation/ cutting: data and trends u u u update 2010 fgm/c poses serious physical and mental health risks for women and young girls, especially for women who have undergone extreme forms of the procedure (see box 2 for types of cutting) according to a 2006 who study, fgm/c can be linked to increased complications in.